Drawing Lines on Maps: World War One and The Creation of Nation-States in the Middle East
The impact of World War One on the Middle East was tremendous! The end of the war signaled the fall of the great Ottoman Empire, which had ruled much of the Middle East and Eastern Europe for 500 years. For the first time in Islamic history there was no Caliphate, which accounted for the highest authority in the Islamic world. What and who would replace the empire? Much of the Middle East became directly controlled by the French and British empires, which created new states. The French territory included what is now Syria and Lebanon and British territory included Israel, Palestine, Jordan, and Iraq. This lecture is the story of war, nationalism, imperialism, and the creation of new identities.