Islamic Contributions to Civilization: Science, Math, Literature, and Art of the Middle East
Whether we realize it or not, Islamic culture has contributed greatly to our modern lives. The great literary tradition of the Islamic world lives on in the tales of Aladdin and Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves, as well as the poetry of Rumi. Islamic contributions to the field of mathematics include the invention of algebra and algorithms – both of which are English words borrowed from Arabic. Ibn Sina’s Canon of Medicine is possibly the most famous medical textbook in world history and was used in European universities until the 17th century – 600 years after its author died. In terms of art and music, the violin and guitar are imitations of Middle Eastern instruments and many architectural spaces in the West are still adorned with silk carpets and arabesque designs.