The Muslim Brotherhood, HAMAS, The Taliban, Hezbollah, Al-Qaeda, and ISIS: Where did these Modern Islamic Movements come from?
We often hear the names of modern Islamic movements in the news, often referred to as Islamist organizations, which blend Islam and politics in new ways. However, news media outlets rarely provide background information for these organizations. This lecture outlines the 20th and 21st century contexts in which each of these movements emerged. The Muslim Brotherhood, for example, was formed four years after the demise of the Ottoman Caliphate in 1924. HAMAS originated as a branch of the Muslim Brotherhood in Palestine. The Cold War, the Arab-Israeli conflict, and the Iranian revolution also contributed to the proliferation of new Islamist movements.